A swelling caused by an an infection resulting in a pus filled hole.
A tooth, root or implant used to support an artificial tooth restoration. An abutment tooth can hold in place a fixed bridge, a removable partial denture, or an implant restoration.
The part of the jaw that holds the teeth.
A combination of metals that includes silver, nickel and mercury used to filled cavities in teeth.
Term referring to the front area of the mouth.
The end of the root of a tooth where the blood and nerve supply exit the tooth.
The surgical removal of the end of a tooth root. Apicoectomies are done in conjunction with a root canal or a tooth that previously received a root canal.
Paralysis of the facial nerve that results in the permanent or temporary immobilization of one side of the face.
Teeth between the canine teeth and molars.
A cosmetic procedure in which teeth are covered with composite resin in order to cover stains or improve appearance. Bonding also refers to the technique of using resin materials for procedures such as placing tooth colored fillings, applying orthodontic brackets, or adhering sealants to teeth.
An artificial fixed or removable prosthesis replacing one or more teeth.
The habit of tooth grinding, usually during sleep, that often results in loose or worn teeth, gum recession, destruction of the supportive bone and/or temporomandibular joint disorders.
Hardened deposit of mineral salts that form around the teeth. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing or flossing.
Canine teeth (Cuspids)
Teeth next to the lateral incisors. These teeth quite often have a pointed cusp designed for tearing food.
Painful, noncontagious sores that form inside the mouth and on the lips. Canker sores are of unknown etiology, but are often associated with exposure to sunlight, exposure to acidic foods such as tomatoes, and stress.
A tooth colored mixture of plastic resin and finely ground glass that is used to fill cavities in teeth.
The visible part of the tooth that is covered by enamel. A crown is also a restoration made of chrome, cobalt, gold, porcelain fused to gold or porcelain that is used to restore a tooth to its original shape and size after extensive decay, wear or breakage.
A pointed projection located on the chewing or biting surface of the tooth.
See Canine teeth
Deciduous teeth (Baby teeth or Primary teeth)
The first set of teeth that is later replaced by permanent teeth. There are 20 deciduous teeth.
The material that makes up the bulk of a tooth. The portion of the tooth in the mouth is covered with enamel. The dentin is under the enamel and is less dense and less resistant to decay than enamel.
A partial or full set of artificial removable teeth.
The hard white outer covering of the tooth. Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body.
An area of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the dental pulp and the tissues at the root apex.
When a tooth is in a position where it has erupted into the mouth past its normal position.
A condition in which the gums are red, swollen, and bleeding. Most cases result from poor oral hygiene and the build-up of plaque on teeth.
Bad breath, caused by tooth decay, gum disease, digestive problems, smoking or some systemic diseases.
A condition in which a tooth is unable to erupt due to its angle or position in the jaw. The teeth most frequently impacted are wisdom teeth (third molars) and maxillary (upper) canine teeth.
Tooth replacements that are inserted into the bone to provide structure for an artificial fixed or removable restoration.
Incisors (central and lateral)
The four upper front teeth and four lower front teeth used for cutting food.
(bad bite) Abnormal contact between upper and lower teeth. Malocclusion can result in poor chewing ability, difficulty in cleaning teeth, and unsightly appearance.
The lower jawbone.
The upper jawbone.
Relating to the lower half of the face.
Back teeth used for grinding food. The last (third) molars are also known as wisdom teeth.
(laughing gas) A gas used in dentistry and other medical procedures to help the patient relax.
The branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of malaligned teeth.
A vertical overlaping of the upper teeth over the lower teeth.
1. Small projections on the surface of the tongue.
2. The tissue that fills the triangular shaped spaces between two teeth.
A removable appliance replacing one or more teeth.
Relating to the gums and bone structure that surround and support the teeth.
A fuzzy film that forms on the surfaces of teeth and is made up of masses of bacteria.
The artificial tooth of the fixed bridge that replaces natural tooth.
A metal, glass, or carbon fiber support used to reinforce a tooth that has had root canal therapy.
Term referring to the back part of the mouth.
Refering to the artificial part of the human body.
The branch of dentistry that deals with replacement of damaged or missing teeth.
The soft tissue in the center of the tooth that contains blood vessels, connective tissue, and nerves.
The complete removal of the pulp of the tooth.
The partial removal of the pulp of the tooth.
The space inside the root of a tooth which contains pulp tissue.
Root canal therapy
A procedure in which the pulp chamber and canals in the root(s) are cleaned, shaped, and filled with an inert material.
Tartar (also known as Calculus)
A salivary deposit of calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and organic matter on natural or artificial teeth.
TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome)
A malalignment of the joint connecting upper and lower jaw which can result in muscle and joint pain in the jaw area